The Poor Laws Project

There have been a number of Poor Laws passed by Parliament dating back to 1547. The purpose of the Poor Laws was to provide a level of protection to those who had fallen on hard times; wives whose husbands had deserted them, breadwinners suffering major illness, etc. Workhouses were built to provide shelter to the needy, and taxes were levied on the better off to pay for the running of the workhouses. Determining if an individual or family was entitled to Poor Law relief was the job of Overseers of the Poor who were appointed by each and every parish, and the concept of a person's "settlement" was introduced to determine which parish had the responsibility to pay this relief.

Hence, whenever there was any doubt as to which parish should be providing the required relief, there would be a formal "settlement examination" of the head of the family involved. These were run by Justices of the Peace, and would be signed by the examinee. Because the examinations were all about where the examinee was born, who their dependants were, where their parents lived, who were the fathers of illegitimate children, etc they are extremely valuable records for doing family history.

The main problem with Poor Law records is that there was never any legal requirement to keep particular records, nor any central filing of the records. The records were simply part of a large quantity of administrative paper work being produced at parish level, and subject to the vagaries of each church choosing to retain its records or not. Hence for West Middlesex as a whole only a fraction of the original Poor Law records are available today, with most, but not all, of them now available at the London Metropolitan Archives.

An estimate of the surviving Poor Law records for our area is given on the Poor Law Records page under the Research tab. In March 2021 the website was updated with all 5600 Poor Law records that we had access to, some by online access, others from typed transcripts made by Society members in the 1980s and 1990s. This data was also sent to Find My Past, and may be called Phase 1 of the project. There remains a further 4500 Poor Law records to examine and transcribe, which is Phase 2. The detail of these records can be found in our Online Guide to our Poor Law records.

Phase 1 took a long while to complete as settlement examinations typically run to a page each, requiring a lot of selective typing for each record. Phase 2 is to visit the London Metropolitan Archives in particular and transcribe a further 4,000 settlement examinations, and 500 removal orders. Anyone who is ready to help undertake this major task should make themeselves known to the Projects Co-ordinator.




Society news

Notice Board

The Notice Board was last updated on 17th January 2022.

Next Meeting

Our next meeting is a non-Zoom meeting to be held on Thursday 20th January 2022 at St. John's Centre, Isleworth. The focus of the meeting will be a talk by Simon Fowler titled Help, my Ancestor has vanished.

Next Fair

None scheduled at present.

Next Advice Session

Advice sessions run at Feltham Library have had to be suspended, but advice may be requested by email. See the Advice page.


Previous news


Recent updates

7-January-2022

The Meetings page is amended. The January meeting will be Zoom only.

6-January-2022

The Committee minutes for November 2021 added to Members Area.

17-December-2021

New image (and tip) of the month.

19-November-2021

New image (and tip) of the month.

16-November-2021

Digitised journals now go back to 1989, all fully indexed.

13-November-2021

The Project pages have been updated.

5-November-2021

Digitised journals now go back to 1990, all fully indexed.


Previous updates


© Copyright West Middlesex Family History Society 2007-2020  
A Member of the Federation of Family History Societies. Registered Charity No. 291906